It is believe that Aquaculture has a tradition of 4000 years. It is also believe that fish farming was originated from China. Chinese carried the information with them and inspired the local people of southeast Asia.

Traditional Farming practices are used world-wide in three types of environment (freshwater, brackishwater, and marine) for a great variety of culture organisms. Some of the traditional methods of fish farming are as follows:

  •         Cage system
  •         Pond system or Irrigation ditch
  •         Composite fish culture

These are main methods that comes under traditional farming

CAGE SYSTEM - Cage system which use cages that are placed in lakes, ponds and oceans that contain the fish. This method is also widely referred to as off-shore cultivation. Fish are kept in the cage like structures and are “artificially fed” and harvested. The fish farming cage method has made numerous technological advances over the years, especially with reducing diseases and environmental concerns. However, the number one concern of the cage method is fish escaping and being loose among the wild fish population.

POND SYSTEM OR IRRIGATION DITCH- The second method is irrigation ditch or pond systems for raising fish. This basic requirement for this method is to have a ditch or a pond that holds water. This is a unique system because at a small level, fish are artificially fed and the waste produced from the fish is then used to fertilize farmers’ fields. On a larger scale, mostly in ponds, the pond is self-sustaining as it grows plants and algae for fish food.

COMPOSITE FISH CULTURE- Composite fish culture which is a type of fish farming that allows both local fish species and imported fish species to coexist in the same pond. The number of species depends, but it is sometimes upwards of six fish species in a single pond. The fish species are always carefully chosen to ensure that species can coexist and reduce competition for food.

Other than Traditional Method , Some Mordern methods are RECIRCULATING AQUACULTURE SYSTEM and BIOFLOC TECHNOLOGY which we already discussed in our previous post. Please visit our previous post.

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