The ELECTRIC EEL is a South American electric fish, and the only species in its genus. Its scientific name is Electrophorus electricus .

The ELECTRIC EEL  are freshwater fish.

 Despite its eel-like appearance and the misleading common name, this South American fish is a species of knifefish and is closely related to catfish.

The ELECTRIC EEL has a ability to give shock i.e they have capacity to produce electricity so from its special characteristics electric eel get its name.Special organs in the eel’s body release powerful electric charges of up to 650 volts or more.

The ELECTRIC EEL has an elongated, cylindrical  body, typically growing to about 2 m in length, and 20 kg in weight, Their coloration is dark gray-brown on the back and yellow or orange on the belly. Mature females have a darker color on the abdomen. 

The  ELECTRIC EEL  have no scales. The mouth is square, and positioned at the end of the snout. The anal fin extends the length of the body to the tip of the tail have no scales.

The The ELECTRIC EEL has three pairs of abdominal organs that produce electricity: the main organ, the Hunter's organ, and the Sachs's organ. These organs make up four fifths of its body, and give the electric eel the ability to generate two types of electric organ discharges  low voltage and high voltage. These organs are made of electrocytes  , lined up so a current of ions can flow through them and stacked so each one adds to a potential difference.

When the The ELECTRIC EEL finds its prey, the brain sends a signal through the nervous system to the electrocytes . This opens the ion channels, allowing sodium to flow through, reversing the polarity momentarily. By causing a sudden difference in electric potential , it generates an electric current  in a manner similar to a battery, in which stacked plates each produce an electric potential difference

Their bodies contain electric organs with about 6,000 specialized cells called electrocytes that store power like tiny batteries. When threatened or attacking prey, these cells will discharge simultaneously.

The ELECTRIC EEL inhabit in  fresh waters of the Amazon and Orinoco river basin in South America.They  live in muddy, dark waters, and have poor eyesight. So instead of using eyes, electric eels emit a weak electric signal, which they use like radar to navigate, to find a mate, and to find prey. Once prey is found, electric eels will use a much stronger shock to stun prey, usually smaller fish. 

A new study shows that the The ELECTRIC EEL does not stay under the surface water to attack predators they will actually leap from the water to attack predators. 

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